Newsdetails for Southeast Asia

06.03.2017 11:12 Category: News from BORDA Southeast Asia
by Marina Brueckner-Supriyono – BORDA SEA

BORDA-AIT Cooperation: Introducing FSM Toolbox to Local Governments in Southeast Asia

Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) is playing an increasing role on local governments’ sanitation agendas in various countries in Southeast Asia. However, decision makers and implementers are facing the challenge of developing and applying comprehensive planning tools, conduct proper implementation and ensure sustainable operation and maintenance.

The Opens external link in new windowAsian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok, together with its partners developed the Opens external link in new windowFSM Toolbox in the interest of experts’ and practitioners’ urgent needs to develop appropriate FSM assesment and planning tools which follow a holistic and systematic approach. The FSM Toolbox is a demand-driven “One-stop-database“, incooperating regulatory, institutional, technical, financial, monitoring, advocacy and Capacity Building aspects. It provides access to tools, templates and guidelines based on the practical needs of key practitioners (donors, city planners, consultants) for planning well-functioning FSM projects.

As part of the cooperation between BORDA and AIT, the workshops on the FSM Toolbox were conducted in Laos, Indonesia and Myanmar during December 2016 and February 2017. The workshops involved BORDA cooperation cities Sleman and South Tangerang (Indonesia), Luang Prabang (Laos) and Yangon (Myanmar) in order to support the local governments in FSM assessment as basis for sustainable FSM planning and implementations. Participants of the workshop were representatives from Department of Housing and Urban Planning (DHUP) Laos, Luang Prabang Urban Development Administration Authority (UDAA), the Local Governments of Sleman and South Tangerang, Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC) as well as BORDA staff members.

During the two-day workshop, AIT representatives outlined the importance and necessity of FSM and provided in-depth insights into crucial FSM aspects, in particular in terms of proper FSM assessment. Through group work and intense discussions exchange of knowledge and experiences was facilitated. Besides, the workshops included field trips. 

During the theoretical sessions of the workshop, the main toolbox components for FSM assessment, the Situational Assessment Tool as well as the Financial and Technical Assessment Tool were introduced. The Situation Assessment Tool, for example, is a diagnostic tool to assess various aspects along the service chain (containment, emptying, transport, treatment, reuse), such as demographic and geographical, legal framework and enforcement as well as socio-cultural aspects. The assessment result indicates gaps, deficiencies and priority areas to be addressed and enables the user to formulate a matrix of intervention strategies.

The Local Government of Luang Prabang who had complete and valid data ready even applied the Situational Assessment Tool during the workshop. For the other cities the introductions of the Assessment Tools were useful to identify missing data in order to develop a strategy to compile and complete essential data for the future application of the FSM Toolbox.
In conclusion, the workshops were a great opportunity for the participants to gain more awareness on the importance of proper FSM assessment as well as better understanding of the FSM situation in their respective city. Besides, participants were enabled to apply the FSM Toolbox in the future. BORDA and AIT will further support the cities in the application of the FSM Toolbox and provide further FSM capacity building means.



During the two-day workshop (7th – 8th November 2016), the representatives of DHUP, Luang Prabang UDAA as well as BORDA Laos staff were involved in discussions and practices.

All participants had a field trip to the Luang Prabang dumpsite and were able to see how the dumped faecal sludge is laid out on a big surface area to be dried by the sun.


During the two-day workshop (24th – 25th January 2017), the representatives of Public Work Ministry, Sleman and South Tangerang local government, academics as well as BORDA Indonesia and its partners (AKSANSI, BEST, LPTP) staff were involved in discussions and practices.


On second day, all participants went to waste water treatment plant located at the Sleman local government office to observe how to desludge the waste water.


The discussion session during the workshop of FSM Toolbox conducted between BORDA and AIT in Yangon, Myanmar.

Left: Ms. Su Su Myat as project officer of FSM Toolbox gave presentation about AIT.