Due to continuous high population growth and rapid economic development in urban areas, many public, private and informal sector service providers in cities in developing countries are unable to cope with increasing volumes of solid waste, especially in poor and low-income areas.
Regular and safe disposal of solid waste is the basis for hygiene and prevention of diseases and hence the foundation for any development activities oriented at poverty alleviation through improvement of health.
BORDA, along with partner organizations EXNORA (India), Balifokus and BEST (Indonesia) have demonstrated that decentralized solid waste management can be managed successfully in urban areas where residents have an explicit demand for additional solid waste disposal services. This is often the case in urban areas where conventional and informal service providers are unable to cope with increasing amounts of solid waste.
Solid Waste Management- a growing challenge for cities
Improved Decentralized Solid Waste Management must address the following aspects:
· General reduction of solid waste
· Separation of waste (organic, recyclables, non-recyclables) in special "separation stations"
· Promotion of recycling techniques such as composting
· Promotion of efficient and sustainable collection services
Improving collection practices of solid waste
Training of scavengers
Material Recovery and Separation
Waste separation can be carried out at different levels:
Capacity & Awareness Building
Capacity building and awareness building measures are designed and facilitated for different stakeholders:
Private households, volunteers, school children, waste collectors, municipality departments, NGOs, scavengers Macro level